No one likes the possibility of having a fire start out in their home. Unfortunately, there are many locations within a house where a fire can break out, whether through equipment or circumstances beyond the homeowner’s control. The best way to deal with a fire is to have an extinguisher close by. With the correct fire extinguisher placement, you’ll be prepared to combat any flames that appear. We’re listing five crucial locations in the home to install fire extinguishers.
The kitchen is the most common area for fires, so it’s essential to have an extinguisher placed nearby. A lot of kitchen fires are started with grease, which have high flashpoints and can’t be put out with water. You’ll want to install a Class F fire extinguisher because they are designed to contain grease fires and emulsify surfaces to stop them from reigniting.
A good place to put the kitchen extinguisher is about 30 feet away from the stove. Don’t put it directly next to the stove, otherwise you’ll be reaching through the fire to get it.
A garage is a good place to store flammable materials like oil, paints and solvents. All of these chemicals are highly combustible. If you use the garage as a workshop then there’s a chance of generating sparks while using tools. It’s important to make sure you have a fire extinguisher in the garage to prevent any damage from occurring.
There’s a high possibility of a fire starting at night, so you may want to keep a fire extinguisher close to your bed. If you find yourself blocked by a fire then having an extinguisher in your hands will be useful for escaping.
Patios make a good location for a barbecue and grills are a potential fire hazard. A gas grill could cause a propane explosion, while a charcoal grill may start a grease fire because of cooking oils. Having a fire extinguisher in the immediate vicinity would help to put out any flames.
If you have a room for the laundry then consider having a fire extinguisher nearby. The lint that builds up in a dryer is highly flammable and could be set alight. Be sure to clean out the lint trap to reduce the risk of fire.
At Total Fire Services, we provide a range of fire safety services designed to give you peace of mind. For more information please contact us on 01204 697 990.
For any business or home, having a fire safety plan is essential. People need to be able to look out for their own safety as well as each other, so the right equipment needs to be in place. Being aware of the different classes of fire is important as well because each class requires a different extinguishing method. In the UK, fires are classed using the European Standard Classification and they are split into five categories.
A Class A fire is the most common kind of fire that is likely to start. They are normally caused by combustible solid objects like wood, paper, fabric and textiles. A good way to put out a Class A fire is to use a water based extinguisher.
A Class B fire is anything started by a flammable liquid such as petrol or alcohol. To extinguish a Class B fire, you’ll need to cut off the oxygen and this can be achieved through smothering. Potassium carbonate is a useful substance, or you can use a CO2 extinguisher.
This kind of fire is caused by flammable gases like propane and petroleum. Class C fires are one of the most dangerous because they have the potential to cause explosions. In order to put a Class C out you’ll need to make sure the gas supply has been isolated. The majority of fire extinguishers are ineffective against a Class C fire, with the only option being a dry powder extinguisher.
Class D fires are started by certain types of metals. Alkali metals like magnesium, potassium and aluminium can ignite when they come into contact with air and water. So, if you were to put water onto metal fires this could increase the intensity of the flames and lead to an explosion.
In the case of an industrial fire with a lot of burning metal then a safe approach is to let the fire burn itself out. Class Ds tend to generate a lot of ash, which builds up and starves a fire’s oxygen supply. A specialist dry powder fire extinguisher can also be used.
Class F fires are started by cooking oil and fats. They can be difficult to extinguish because of the high temperature and the fact water is likely to cause flames to spread out. Special wet chemical extinguishers contain a solution that cools a Class F fire and emulsifies a surface to stop it from re-igniting.
Due to electricity being a source of ignition, electric fires technically aren’t a seperate class. To stop this kind of fire the electricity source needs to be cut off as quickly as possible. The most suitable fire extinguishers are dry powder and carbon dioxide.
In terms of safety, labels act as useful instructions on what to do in the event of a fire. They are designed to provide key information on safety equipment to the public and firefighters during an emergency. Labels shouldn’t be taken for granted and there are several places where they’ll be shown, such as in public buildings, workplaces and on specific types of furniture. We’ve put together a guide on the labels and how they can help during an emergency.
In public buildings and offices it’s the responsibility of the manager to put up fire safety signs. This is a legal requirement and they could face serious penalties if they fail to comply. The public are encouraged to read and understand the information on the signs, which could lead to the prevention of severe damage in the event of a crisis.
Advisory signs help to warn people about fire hazards and provide instructions on what to do in an emergency. For example, a sign can show someone how to use a fire extinguisher correctly. A building needs to have appropriate labels marking fire alarm call points and the location of extinguishers.
Colour coded signs fulfil different purposes and contain information that’s relevant to a specific action. Fire exit signs in the UK are usually coloured green and white because this combination signifies a safe condition. Blue fire safety signs are used to indicate a mandatory action, like keeping a fire door shut. Red fire safety signs signify the location of equipment or prohibition. An example of a red sign is no smoking.
Safety labels are required on furniture to indicate the fire resistance of each item. A label needs to be attached to all new furniture at the point of sale, with the exception of bed bases, mattresses, pillows, loose covers, stretch covers, seat pads and scatter cushions.
The label should be attached in a place that it can be read clearly on both sides. There are different labels to be aware of. Display labels feature compliance information and permanent labels are meant to show compliance with specific ignition requirements for fillings and covers. The latter is also meant to help enforcement officers.
You should not remove a permanent label and should take measures to reattach the label if it’s come loose. This is important for landlords who are renting out a property. If you intend on selling a piece of furniture the safety label needs to be attached, otherwise organisations won’t accept it.
At Total Fire Services, we’re committed to providing you with all the latest fire safety information and services. For more information then don’t hesitate to call us on 01204 697 990.
Learning about fire safety is an important part of growing up because children will know how to deal with a hazardous situation when they get older. Whether you’re a parent or a teacher, there are a number of ways you can educate a child, and one of the most effective ways is by visiting a museum. There are firefighting museums located across the UK and we’re listing four of the most beneficial.
Located in Rochdale, the Greater Manchester Fire Service Museum houses a wealth of information on fire safety. There are 23 exhibits featuring a range of items, including uniforms, firefighting equipment, medals and curios. The museum is the perfect place to learn about the history of firefighting in Manchester, as England’s first municipal fire service was formed in the city during 1826.
The museum offers educational visits for children of all ages, with topics of discussion ranging from The Great Fire of London to The Blitz.
This is the only museum in Britain to focus on all Ministry of Defence (MOD) Fire Services, including the Naval Air Command Fire Service, Royal Navy, Army, Defence Fire Service and Air Ministry Fire Service. It contains an extensive collection of firefighting vehicles and artefacts. Previously located in Kent, the museum was moved to Gainsborough and is set to reopen in 2018.
The Kent Firefighting Museum is a hub of knowledge, featuring different exhibits that will help to educate students. There’s a selection of fire helmets, a collection of fire extinguishers, a horse drawn fire cart and traditional wooden ladders. The museum is run by dedicated volunteers who are experienced in the history of firefighting, making it an ideal learning venue.
When you visit the Mansfield Fire Museum, you’ll be impressed by the range of information that’s on offer. The museum is dedicated to collecting and conserving fire service memorabilia, with some items dating back to The Great Fire of London. An overseas room is aimed at preserving firefighting objects from abroad. There’s also a special kids zone that will appeal to small children.
At Total Fire Services, we’re dedicated to promoting fire safety in all forms. For more information contact us on 01204 697 990.
Wearing the right gear is an important part of a firefighter’s job because it makes the difference between whether they can rescue people or not. The official name for firefighting gear is Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), which consists of fire retardant clothing, gloves, boots, helmet, breathing apparatus and a Personal Alert Safety System. (PASS) The paraphanalia is commonly referred to as turnout or bunker gear. But there was a time when firefighters weren’t able to safely enter a burning building because they lacked the appropriate gear, so we’re looking into how PPE has evolved over time.
Originally, firefighters lacked the specialist equipment to be able to enter buildings, with many fires being dealt with outside a structure. There earliest kind of gear was made out of wool because of it being able to shield firefighters against heat and cold. Rubber played an important role as well, with the material being worn over coats to provide another protective layer. Firefighters also wore rubber boots because it kept their feet dry.
The first helmets were made out of leather and an American called Jacobus Turck is credited as creating the original in 1740. The ‘modern’ variation is attributed to Henry Gratacap, who developed his version between 1821 and 1836. The dome-shaped helmet had a front shield and reinforced design. Other variations existed, such as the ‘merryweather’ worn by British firefighters during the Victorian era. This helmet was introduced in 1868, replacing the leather helmet.
After WW2, standards for PPE started to develop. Many organisations carried out performance testing and the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), was at the forefront. The committee developed a firefighting jacket with three layers that consisted of a fire resistant outer layer, a middle layer that stopped water from soaking the wearer, and a final layer to protect against heat transfer.
Based on NFPA research, PPE was drastically improved. This culminated in the NFPA 1971 Standard on Protective Clothing for Structural Fire Fighting. It specifies “the minimum design, performance, safety, testing and certification requirements for structural fire fighting protective ensembles and ensemble elements that include coats, trousers, coveralls, helmets, gloves, footwear and interface components.”
The act established further protection for a firefighter through requiring all PPE to provide visibility and identification in different conditions. Respiratory and PASS devices were also improved, with the inclusion of masks that protected against harmful gases like carbon monoxide.
Today, PPE contains a mixture of different gear, including triple-layer clothing, breathing apparatus, PASS device and modern communication equipment. Fabrics have been updated and are made out of Kevlar or Nomex.
In terms of emergency services, firefighting is one of the most valuable resources in the world. Firefighters help save lives, so it’s hard to imagine a time when there wasn’t a firefighting service. Firefighting goes all the way back to Ancient Rome, so we’ve decided to chart the service from its earliest days up to the modern era.
The origin of the firefighting service came about after a horrific fire broke out in Rome. This occurred in 6 AD and Emperor Augustus established the first fire brigade known as the Vigiles. The group consisted of ex-slaves who were trained to deal with fires and acted as night watchmen as well. The duties of the Vigiles were divided into different roles, including Unicinarius, Siphonarius and Aquarius.
The Uncinarius carried hooks for the removal of a burning roof, Siphonarius operated water pumps and Aquarius supplied the water via buckets. There were around seven battalions of firefighters, each led by a single chief. The Vigiles employed a number of tools, including axes to chip away walls and let smoke and heat escape.
This method of firefighting is believed to have been carried over to Britain during the Roman invasion. But after they left, firefighting took a step back and fires became a regular occurrence in Britain and Europe.
In 1666, the Great Fire of London changed the way Britain dealt with disasters. Fire insurance was set up by Nicholas Barbon and in order to reduce insurance costs he set up his own fire brigade. Other companies followed his example and the private brigades would only protect client property. Insured buildings were identified with a badge and those that weren’t were left to burn.
Eventually, all the companies merged together to form The London Fire Company Establishment in 1833. James Braidwood became the first Fire Chief, after transfering from the Edinburgh fire brigade. The 1850s saw the introduction of steam-powered machines that increased the quantity of water to be used in a fire.
During the early 1900s, there were between 1400 and 1500 small fire brigades run by local councils in the UK. In 1938 the Auxiliary Fire Service was set up and then succeeded by the National Fire Service in WW2. At this time there was no countrywide standard for firefighting procedures or equipment, though standardisation came into play after the war.
After WW2, local county authorities took over the National Fire Service and The Fire Services Act was introduced in 1948. This resulted in 148 county councils and boroughs running their own brigades. Changes took place in 1986 when some municipal boroughs and county brigades were renamed, becoming independent as a result.
Modern firefighters continue to show their bravery and determination. At Total Fire Services, we believe in safety and our range of services are designed to help your company carry out the best fire safety practices. For more information contact us on 01204 697 990.
Fire extinguishers are an integral part of fire safety and it’s a legal requirement to have them in all premises. Since their introduction, fire extinguishers have saved countless lives. But how did people put out fires before extinguishers were invented? Fire extinguishers have only been around for a couple of centuries, and we’re looking into the history of these vital devices.
The genesis of fire extinguishers can be traced back to 200 BC, when Ctesibius of Alexandria invented a hand operated water pump that was able to disperse fire. The invention replaced the time consuming method of passing water buckets from person to person. Ctesibius’ pump provided the blueprint for other variations of fire safety devices.
During the Middle Ages, a syringe-like contraption called a squirt was used to put out fires. The nozzle was dipped into water to extract a few pints. The squirt then pumped water on to flames. They were used during the Great Fire of London, but weren’t very effective. However, squirts were a precursor to basic firefighting equipment and ‘squirt’ guns.
In 1723, chemist Ambrose Godfrey patented the first fire extinguisher. It contained a mixture of gunpowder and a fire-extinguishing liquid inside a pewter chamber. It had a system of fuses that ignited to explode the gunpowder and release the liquid. British Captain George William Manby developed the modern fire extinguisher in 1818. It housed three gallons of potassium carbonate solution and compressed air.
Other variations were created, such as the soda-acid extinguisher in 1866. Francois Carlier patented this version and it mixed water and sodium bicarbonate with tartaric acid. The chemical foam extinguisher was created by Russian engineer Aleksandr Loran in 1904. He also invented firefighting foam. Loran’s extinguisher contained sodium bicarbonate in water and aluminium sulphate. When released together, the liquids turned into foam and proved to be an effective way of putting out fire.
Further developments were made in the 1924, when the carbon dioxide extinguisher was invented in the US by the Walter Kidde Company. It was made in response to developing an electrically non-conductive chemical for extinguishing fires in telephone switchboards. The carbon dioxide extinguisher consisted of a metal cylinder with a wheel valve and a brass hose covered with cotton.
Fire extinguishers have continued to be updated through the years to comply with the best safety practices. They are an invaluable part of protecting your residence against fire damage. At Total Fire Services, we understand how important it is for businesses to have confidence in the quality of their fire extinguishers. We provide a variety of fire extinguishers that are covered by a 5 year warranty.
For more information contact us today on 01204 697 990.
Fire doors are an important yet often overlook asset to any business. From prevent thousands of pounds worth of damage to saving the lives of tens or even hundreds of people, fire doors can make a tremendous difference during a fire.
Here are just a few things to think about when it comes to using fire doors effectively.
A fire door is more than just a barrier between two rooms, it’s a specially engineered piece of equipment designed to meet a tough set of fire safety criteria.
Fire doors help to break a building into different compartments. This can slow down the speed of a fire and prevent it from spreading through a building as quickly as it would naturally. If a fire door stands between a person and a fire, their chance of survival increases dramatically.
Fire doors also help fire crews determine a plan of action when it comes to rescuing people within the building.
In England and Wales, the law states that if you are an employer, landlord, owner or occupier of business or non-domestic premises, you are responsible for fire safety within that building and you’re considered the ‘responsible person’.
Therefore, if you fall under one of the above categories, it’s your job to ensure fire doors are installed where required and regularly maintained so that they can work effectively.
Yes. Introducing fire doors to your premises isn’t automatically enough to ensure you’re abiding by government legislation. When fire doors are installed, the frame, locks, and latches must be installed correctly and in line with regulations. Failure to follow the necessary guidelines could put lives at risk.
The doors must also have been tested by an independent organisation to ensure they abide by British or European Standards. Fire doors that haven’t been tested in this way might fail to protect people in the event of a fire.
By hiring a specialist fire safety company to install the fire doors for you, you can make sure your money is being put to good use and the fire doors will do exactly what they’re supposed to. In the event of a fire, fire doors could also help to protect the property itself along with any valuables within it.
The slightest changes to your fire doors could significantly impact its performance. For example, if a hinge has become loose, there is a hole in the door, or extremely flammable materials have been placed either side of it, it may fail to work as well as it should.
Once installed, fire doors should be inspected regularly to make sure they’re still functioning effectively. It may be wise to introduce a fire safety door inspection into your existing fire risk assessments. By checking the fire doors at the same time as your asses fire alarms and extinguishers you can keep your premises safe while saving time and money in the process.
If you don’t already have a fire risk assessment in place, it’s crucial that you implement one immediately.
To learn more about fire doors and risk assessments, please get in touch with the team at Total Fire Services.
All new and refurbished schools in the UK should be fitted with sprinklers, fire chiefs say.
It’s currently not essential for schools in England and Northern Ireland to have sprinklers installed, although such safety measures are mandatory in Scotland and Wales.
With more than 700 fires occurring in schools each year, London Fire Brigade Commissioner Dany Cotton has accused the government of “playing with children’s lives” by failing to introduce stricter sprinkler rules.
At present, the government’s fire safety guidance says that it is the DfE’s “expectation that all new schools will have sprinklers fitted”, unless a school is “low risk” and installation “would not be good value for money.”
However, less than a third of the 260 schools built since 2014 under the Schools Building Programme have sprinklers. Just 5% of all schools in England and Wales have sprinklers.
Ms Cotton said that the London Fire Brigade recommended sprinklers in 184 new or refurbished schools last year, and yet only four of these schools followed the advice.
Fire safety rules for schools were almost relaxed last year, when the DfE in England began a consultation on new draft guidance and proposed making changes that would mean sprinklers in schools were not necessary or expected.
The consultation was dropped after the Grenfell fire and the guidance wasn’t changed.
Talking about the draft guidance, Ms Cotton said: “I think it was outrageous. I thought ‘How can we play with children’s lives like that?’
“I just do not understand why it wouldn’t be made compulsory and wouldn’t be made a requirement to fit sprinklers in schools at new-build stage.
“And what I don’t want to see is a very large school fire to be the thing that brings about that change.”
The DfE says all schools must have a Fire Risk Assessment and new schools should undergo an additional safety check during the design process.
To mark Fire Door Safety Week, from the 25th September to the 1st October, health and safety experts will join forces to spread awareness of the importance of fire doors.
The annual campaign attracts more than 175 supporting organisations and last year it reached more than 9 million people.
Each year the campaign aims to raise awareness of a specific aspect of fire door safety. This year’s initiative will see organisations working together to emphasis the critical role that third-party certified fire doors play in high-rise buildings, houses of multiple occupancy and other types of shared accommodation.
Here’s an overview of the events that are taking place across the country:
Monday 25th September
London Fire Brigade is holding a seminar for those responsible for fire safety in the residential rented housing sector. The seminar will be held at London Fire Brigade’s headquarters and is by invitation only.
On the same day, a free seminar will take place at Intastop’s training centre on Kelham Industrial Estate, Doncaster. The seminar will focus on fire door compartmentation and evacuation methods.
Tuesday 26th September
Arnold Laver will be co-hosting a free CPD accredited fire door safety day alongside BWF-Certifire at Elstree Studios in Borehamwood. Speakers will cover a range of topics including fire door specification, certification and inspection.
Wednesday 27th September
Learn about the issues regarding glazing fire doors at Beverley Racecourse. The event will be held by Hodgson Sealants and speakers include BWF, the Fire Door Inspection Scheme (FDIS) Exova Warringtonfire and Vetrotech.
Thursday 28th September
The CPD-accredited ‘Are You Fire Door Sure?’ seminar will be held on Thursday at The Building Centre in London. All income generated will be donated to the Children’s Burns Trust. Speakers at the event will include FDIS, London Fire Brigade and the Glass and Glazing Federation.
What they say
"Due to internal resource issues we at Chessington World Of Adventures were struggling to meet our commitments of having "suitable and sufficient" fire risk assessment for all of our buildings and Rides on site. Meeting the challenge of maintaining our continued commitment to having "suitable and sufficient" fire risk assessments in place for all of our buildings and Rides on site required us to search for a competent third party supplier who could deliver our needs at a reasonable cost"
Kevin Bainbridge, Head of Safety & Technical Services[mc4wp_form]